Pomegranate, autumn fruit
Friday 24 November 2023, 17:19
November brings probably the most eagerly awaited autumn fruits. The pomegranate comes from a deciduous tree that may attain eight meters in top, and is at present in its harvest season. The pomegranate arrived in Spain nonetheless bearing the identify Al-Andalus – because it was recognized in its Islamic period – and after a number of centuries maintains its shut ties with Al-Andalus.
“Pomegranates have at all times been related to the Guadalhorce Valley,” defined Alejandro Hevila, who grows pomegranates among the many many walnut and avocado bushes on his farm in Quin. The fruit has a historical past relationship again over 80 years in his household, together with his grandfather being the primary to start out rising bushes.
This fruit is native to South Asia, native to Persia and Afghanistan, and is very prized in desert areas for its thick, leathery pores and skin that enables it to carry properly. From mid-September onwards, Hevila picks among the pomegranates grown on his land, though different varieties are harvested later in October and November.
The Guadalhorce Valley has many sorts, every with totally different taste and traits. Amongst them, Hevila highlights Safarina, an historic selection that has stood the check of time.
The farmer added, “We additionally develop different well-known varieties, similar to molly, which in flip is split into differing kinds and has comfortable and candy seeds,” explaining that the optimum time for harvesting is between October and the start of November. Though it largely is determined by rainfall. He additionally mentioned that new kinds of pomegranates have appeared lately, such because the “great” selection that’s utilized in making juices and has a extra acidic flavour.
Relying on the kind of pomegranate tree, there are three kinds of fruit: the frequent candy fruit, the bitter fruit whose flowers are used as ornament, and the seedless fruit produced within the Center East. One other issue that impacts the differentiation of pomegranate varieties is the acidity and ripeness of the fruit, which classifies it as candy or bitter, candy or bitter.
Unhealthy 12 months
Drought is a continuing problem for farmers within the Guadalhorce Valley, as water shortages instantly have an effect on the standard and amount of the crop.
“This 12 months we have now misplaced about 40 % of our manufacturing in comparison with earlier years,” Hevila mentioned. “Though there are about 300 pomegranate bushes, the crop is severely affected by drought.”
Nevertheless, as soon as it rains, pomegranates have to be harvested as a result of water can render them fully ineffective. “When it rains, the pomegranates open, so they need to be harvested early,” Hevila mentioned.
How are you aware that pomegranate is able to choose?
Farmer Quinn mentioned that there are a number of elements that decide the second of harvest, similar to weight or dimension, nevertheless, the primary level when deciding whether or not to select and eat or promote it’s to take a look at its pink colour.
“If pomegranates are uncovered to an excessive amount of solar or warmth, they run the danger of changing into discolored or stained,” Hevila mentioned.
Though pomegranates have been grown within the Hevila area for greater than eight a long time, the farmer mentioned that the rationale they maintain this fruit, along with its optimum advantages, is that it permits them to acquire two crops in the identical space. in several occasions.
“This will increase profitability with a product that does not require a lot,” mentioned the farmer, who grows pomegranates alongside his many walnut and avocado bushes.
“This can be a conventional and sturdy crop that’s extremely related to marginal wetlands, in addition to irrigation ditches, which is why it’s largely irrigated naturally,” the farmer defined, including that the clay soil of Guadalhorce is properly suited to this crop.
Well being advantages
Along with its unmistakable flavour, pomegranate is understood for its well being advantages. It’s wealthy in antioxidants, making it a fruit with anti-cancer properties.
Its versatility is a treasure not solely within the Guadalhorce Valley, but in addition within the kitchens themselves, as with sauces ready for salads or its juice: grenadine, the star ingredient in creating recipes for dishes, ice lotions or cocktails.
(Tags for translation) pomegranate